来源：高中 发布时间：2017-12-23 点击：
教学重难点：定语从句中引导词（who, whom, whose，that , which，when，where, why）的正确使用 教学过程：
The girl is my sister.
is my sister.
先行词（物） ↘引导词（that指代the music）
She is a 先行词（人）↘引导词（who指代a girl）
二.引导词who, whom, whose，that , which（表人、表物，作主语，宾语）
关系副词：when，where, why, （表时间、地点、原因，作状语）
分点练习：① He is a boy（______ is confident.）
③ He is the teacher ( ______ you are waiting for.)
小试牛刀：1.Is this the man with ______ you went to the zoo yesterday?
A. who B. whom C. which
2.He is a man ( _______ we can learn).
A. whom B. from which C. from whom
【2013广东湛江】25. —Look! That is the woman I met yesterday.
—Oh? She’s my aunt.
A. whatB. who C. where D. when
【2013广东】45. The young lady ______ is interviewing Lin Zhixuan about the program I am a singer is from 21st Century Talent Net.
A. whoB. whom C. whichD. whose
A. whichB. whose C. that
1. I’m sure she has something ______ you can borrow.
A. thatB. which
⑴ 先行词为：that 2. I’ve read ⑵ 先行词被all, every, no, some, any, little, much等修饰时
4. This is the only book that belongs to him.
⑷先行词被the only, the very, the same, the best, the last等修饰时
6. There is a book on the desk belongs to Tom. 桌子上那本书是汤姆的
7 Who is the girl ______ spoke to you just now?
Which is the car ____
__ was made in China?
A. thatB. who C. which
巩固练习： Who is the man ______ I saw yesterday.
小试牛刀： I like the music _______ he writes.A. /B. whoC. why D when
1.This is the house in ______ he lives.A. thatB. whichC. who
The school (______ my father works) looks very beautiful.
(my father works in the school)
A. which B. in thatC. in which
对比：Is this the man with ______ you went to the zoo yesterday?
A. who B. whom C. which
2.先行词（物）与引导词之间有逗号隔开（非限制性定语从句），用which 2.He lives in a house, _______ has many trees around it.
A. thatB. whichC. who
【2011广东】44. The first thing _____ my brother is going to do this afternoon is to write a letter.
A. whichB. thatC. why D. who
【2011?广州】The story ______ I read the newspaper was about a common problem among teenagers.
A. whose B. who C. that D. where
【2013安徽】49. I still remember the college and the teachers_____________I visited in London years ago.
A. whatB. who C. that D. which
先行词是一个表示时间的词如：time, hour, day, month, year时，其所对应的关系词如在定语从句中作时间状语(不充当从句的主语或宾语)，则用关系副词when。
1.A. that B. whichC. when
2. This is the factory ________ my father works.
1.Can you think out a situation ________ this word can be used?
2. Her illness has developed to the point ________ nobody can cure her.
3. That is the reason (why) I did it.
Do you know the reason(why)she has changed her mind?
The day when (=on which) she arrived was Thursday. 她到的那天是星期四。
July and August are the months when (=in which) the weather is hot. 七八月是天气很热的月份 This is the hotel where ( =in which / at which) they were staying. 这就是他们当时住的旅店 Do you remember the place where (=at which) we had lunch? 你记得我们吃午饭的地方吗?
The reason why (=for which) I came here was to be with my family. 我到这里来的原因是要跟我的家里人在一起
小试牛刀：This is the factory in ________ my father works.
This is the city (which/that) you visited last year.
（you visited the city last year）.先行词直接充当visited的宾语，缺的是宾语，所以用which或that
2如：This is the city where you stayed last year.
先行词也是the city，将其放入定语从句中不能直接作成分，必须加上介词in，一起做从句的地点状语，相当于in +which所以此处用where.
小试牛刀：1. Is this museum ___ you visited a few days age?
2. Is this the museum ____ the exhibition was held.
A. whereB. thatC. on whichD. the one
解析：例1变为肯定句： This museum is ___ you visited a few days ago. 所缺部分为主句的表语，从句的宾语，而where, on which都不能起到宾语的作用，而that只作从句宾语，还缺主句的表语, 只有the one既做了主句的表语，又可做从句的宾语，可以省略关系代词that，所以应选D。
例2变为肯定句： This is the museum ___ the exhibition was held. 主、谓、宾俱全，从句部分为句子的状语表地点，既可用副词where，又因 in the museum词组，可用介词in + which 引导地点状语。而此题中，介词on 用的不对，所以选A。
巩固练习：2 I'll never forget the days______I spent in the countryside.
A. whereB. thatC. on whichD.when
2012广东】42. There will be a flower show in the park
A. who B. when C. what D. Which
we visited last week.
① There are the twins who ______ in the next door. A. liveB. lives C. lived
② A. tellB. is telling C. tells
1.The silk _______ is made in Hangzhou sells well.
A. thatB. who C. what D. /
2.In the dark street ,there wasn’t a single person _____she could turn for help.
A .thatB. whoC. from whom D. to whom
3.Do you live near the building ______color is yellow?
A. that B. which C. whose D. its