定语从句的教学设计_定语从句的教学设计

来源:高中 发布时间:2017-12-23 点击:

  定语从句的教学设计已经为大家整理好啦,老师们一起来参考以下是教案内容,整理好授课思路吧!

  教学目标:

  1.学生能掌握关系代词和关系副词的正确使用。

  2.学生能正确理解整个句子的意思

  教学重难点:定语从句中引导词(who, whom, whose,that , which,when,where, why)的正确使用 教学过程:

  例子导入:

  The girl is my sister.

  is my sister.

  先行词定语从句

  一.定义:在复合句中,用来修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。被定语从句修饰的名词、代词叫先

  行词。定语从句放在先行词之后。

  先行词(物) ↘引导词(that指代the music)

  She is a 先行词(人)↘引导词(who指代a girl)

  二.引导词who, whom, whose,that , which(表人、表物,作主语,宾语)

  关系副词:when,where, why, (表时间、地点、原因,作状语)

  (1)先行词表人时可用who,that或whom

  分点练习:① He is a boy(______ is confident.)

  主语

  ② (介词提前)

  ③ He is the teacher ( ______ you are waiting for.)

  宾语

  归纳总结:当先行词是人:①引导词在句中作主语,引导词用who,that

  ③引导词在从句中作宾语,引导词用who/whom

  小试牛刀:1.Is this the man with ______ you went to the zoo yesterday?

  A. who B. whom C. which

  2.He is a man ( _______ we can learn).

  A. whom B. from which C. from whom

  learn from

  【2013广东湛江】25. —Look! That is the woman I met yesterday.

  —Oh? She’s my aunt.

  A. whatB. who C. where D. when

  【2013广东】45. The young lady ______ is interviewing Lin Zhixuan about the program I am a singer is from 21st Century Talent Net.

  A. whoB. whom C. whichD. whose

  (2)whose的使用

  名词

  A. whichB. whose C. that

  引导词后面有名词(表所属)时,引导词用whose

  (3)先行词表物时,用that或which

  that与which的区别:

  that和which都可表物,一般可互换,但下列情况只用that

  1. I’m sure she has something ______ you can borrow.

  A. thatB. which

  ⑴ 先行词为:that 2. I’ve read ⑵ 先行词被all, every, no, some, any, little, much等修饰时

  4. This is the only book that belongs to him.

  ⑷先行词被the only, the very, the same, the best, the last等修饰时

  6. There is a book on the desk belongs to Tom. 桌子上那本书是汤姆的

  ⑹在

  7 Who is the girl ______ spoke to you just now?

  Which is the car ____

  __ was made in China?

  A. thatB. who C. which

  [7].当主句 that

  巩固练习: Who is the man ______ I saw yesterday.

  小试牛刀: I like the music _______ he writes.A. /B. whoC. why D when

  只用which的情况:

  1.This is the house in ______ he lives.A. thatB. whichC. who

  1.先行词是物,且介词提前用which

  The school (______ my father works) looks very beautiful.

  (my father works in the school)

  A. which B. in thatC. in which

  对比:Is this the man with ______ you went to the zoo yesterday?

  A. who B. whom C. which

  先行词是人,且介词提前用_______.

  2.先行词(物)与引导词之间有逗号隔开(非限制性定语从句),用which 2.He lives in a house, _______ has many trees around it.

  A. thatB. whichC. who

  3.先行词为that, those时,用

  which

  3.What’在桌子底下的那些东西是什么?

  【2011广东】44. The first thing _____ my brother is going to do this afternoon is to write a letter.

  A. whichB. thatC. why D. who

  【2011?广州】The story ______ I read the newspaper was about a common problem among teenagers.

  A. whose B. who C. that D. where

  【2013安徽】49. I still remember the college and the teachers_____________I visited in London years ago.

  A. whatB. who C. that D. which

  (4)关系副词when, where,why的用法:

  先行词是一个表示时间的词如:time, hour, day, month, year时,其所对应的关系词如在定语从句中作时间状语(不充当从句的主语或宾语),则用关系副词when。

  1.A. that B. whichC. when

  2.先行词,在句中作状语。

  2. This is the factory ________ my father works.

  拓展:当point, situation,conditions等词作先行词表抽象的地点,其后常由where引导

  1.Can you think out a situation ________ this word can be used?

  2. Her illness has developed to the point ________ nobody can cure her.

  3. That is the reason (why) I did it.

  Do you know the reason(why)she has changed her mind?

  在定语从句中作时间、地点和原因状语时,关系副词互换。

  The day when (=on which) she arrived was Thursday. 她到的那天是星期四。

  July and August are the months when (=in which) the weather is hot. 七八月是天气很热的月份 This is the hotel where ( =in which / at which) they were staying. 这就是他们当时住的旅店 Do you remember the place where (=at which) we had lunch? 你记得我们吃午饭的地方吗?

  The reason why (=for which) I came here was to be with my family. 我到这里来的原因是要跟我的家里人在一起

  小试牛刀:This is the factory in ________ my father works.

  解析:这里填which,in which=where

  拓展:判断找引导词是关系代词或关系副词,找出定语从句的主谓宾,先使其变为简单的肯定句看缺什么成分。

  This is the city (which/that) you visited last year.

  (you visited the city last year).先行词直接充当visited的宾语,缺的是宾语,所以用which或that

  2如:This is the city where you stayed last year.

  先行词也是the city,将其放入定语从句中不能直接作成分,必须加上介词in,一起做从句的地点状语,相当于in +which所以此处用where.

  就必须要求;而系副词。)

  小试牛刀:1. Is this museum ___ you visited a few days age?

  2. Is this the museum ____ the exhibition was held.

  A. whereB. thatC. on whichD. the one

  解析:例1变为肯定句: This museum is ___ you visited a few days ago. 所缺部分为主句的表语,从句的宾语,而where, on which都不能起到宾语的作用,而that只作从句宾语,还缺主句的表语, 只有the one既做了主句的表语,又可做从句的宾语,可以省略关系代词that,所以应选D。

  例2变为肯定句: This is the museum ___ the exhibition was held. 主、谓、宾俱全,从句部分为句子的状语表地点,既可用副词where,又因 in the museum词组,可用介词in + which 引导地点状语。而此题中,介词on 用的不对,所以选A。

  巩固练习:2 I'll never forget the days______I spent in the countryside.

  A. whereB. thatC. on whichD.when

  2012广东】42. There will be a flower show in the park

  A. who B. when C. what D. Which

  we visited last week.

  定语从句中谓语的形式

  ① There are the twins who ______ in the next door. A. liveB. lives C. lived

  ② A. tellB. is telling C. tells

  先行词

  总结:㈠从句谓语动词的单复数与_先行词_的单复数一致,(当引导词充当定语从句的主语时)

  巩固练习:

  1.The silk _______ is made in Hangzhou sells well.

  A. thatB. who C. what D. /

  2.In the dark street ,there wasn’t a single person _____she could turn for help.

  A .thatB. whoC. from whom D. to whom

  3.Do you live near the building ______color is yellow?

  A. that B. which C. whose D. its


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